The Sanye People (Watta) were living in the area then Mwina people arrived, the sanye were hunters and fruits gatherers and they lived a nomadic way of life, they move from one place to another so the land (country) was theirs.

Then the Buu’s arrived, during sango Vere adventure up and downstream he meet the Mwina and they became friends and occasionally visited each other. They divided the land and the boarder was set at KALONI (which was between the Old GADENI and WEMA). The Mwina land stretched from Kaloni up to KOZI (near Mnazini) in Nderani. While the Buu’s land stretched from Kaloni to NGAO.
Later on the Ngatana came to Mwina Country from ZUBAKI after a brief stay at CHARA, they settled at JANGE then moved to WEMA as guests to the Mwina People.
After a while the KULESA people who were ELWANA (MALAKOTE) came to Mwina country, having had a fight among themselves, those who managed to escape became guests of Mwina people and they settled at GAMO ( across the current KULESA village ) before they moved to Kulesa.
Finally their was the arrival of new visitors believed to be WATTA (SANYE) people, they settled at the OLD GADENI before moving to the current HEWANI village.
Mitapani near near hewani
Since Ngatana and Wakulesa came from the North (upstream) and the people of Hewani were new to the area, they easily interacted between themselves and also intermarried, with no time they increased in number and they identified themselves as Ngatana’s (though currently the Kulesa’s do not like to be identified as Ngatana’s)
The Buu’s gave Ngatana’s land from Kaloni to MBEWEE (mbewee was above DUMI). There was two lakes near Gadeni called MUMBO, the lakes were divided whereby one belong to the Buu’s and the other One to the Ngatana’s, behind the lakes there was a Forest called MIHAJA and near it was a village called MURYIKICHA (a Buu last village) which was slightly above DUMI near LOLANI.
The Ngatana’s and the Buu’s oftenly fought, over the forest (hunting ground) and the lakes (fishing ground); using fists and clubs until the Buu’s decided to leave the area, then later on, after a peace agreement the forest was given to the Buu’s and the lakes re-divided though the Buu’s never returned to the area, so literally the Ngatana’s had “WON”.
On the other end the Ngatana’s and the Mwina’s oftenly fought, and in many occasions the Mwina’s lost. Each time the Ngatana’s won they would cut the buttock skin of the Mwina’s and rub ashes on their sores and through this “baptism” they called the Mwina’s “BA NYONGA”.
In one of the battles near an exbow lake/ seasonal river a cross mitole, while the Mwina’s were fleeing they spread feaces allover and as a results the river was named ” MUHO WAMAVI”- meaning a river with feaces.
Having undergone all the oppression the Mwina’s went to the Buu’s – the people they had lived with before the arrival of Ngatana’s and they requested for help.
The Buu’s agreed to help the Mwina’s, they sent men from every clan (Karya, Katsae, Kamwelo, Demo, Yuu and other small clans) to help the Mwina’s in case of any other attack by the Ngatana’s but unfortunately the Ngatana’s became afraid, they never again attacked the Mwina’s upto date. The Buu’s settled on the land between Ngatana and Mwina, the area was called BENDERANI meaning a peaceful flag had been raised.
The Buu’s distributed the land (benderani) among themselves, the Katsae settled at HANKWAE – between Kulesa and Sailoni. The Karya settled at KIYOM – across Sailoni. The Kale settled at MITOLE -between Sailoni and Marembo. The DENO at Marembo, the KAMWELO between LAZIMA and Mwina. All other “small” clans returned to Ngao as they were very few in number they couldn’t divide them selves.
On the arrival of the missionaries, they settled at Marembo, built school, church and a dispensary. Eventually Marembo turned out to be the biggest town centre after Ngao, with the educational, medical and religious facilities many opted to relocate to Marembo.
After many years of peace there was a massive flooding (ZURUWA) said to be the biggest of the time. It led to destruction of so many villages’
People of Marembo moved to Sailoni and SERA, those of Gamo moved to Kulesa, MAZIWA, and VUMBWE. Old Gaden occupants also moved to Hewani.
Thus we have the Buu’s, Ngatana’s and Wakulesa in Mwina country (land).


  1. Read and reread the article well Mr John Nkupha, The Kulesas were Malakote, the Ngatana of Hewani were allegedly Watta, while the Ngatana of Wema were pokomo from zubaki nation


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